The construction industry develops and uses standards for just about everything.
Industry standards address materials, performance criteria and importantly, test methods.
These are the main sources of standards used in building facades:

AAMA American Architectural Manufacturers Association

ANSI American National Standards Institute

ASCE American Society of Civil Engineers

ASTM American Society of Testing and Materials

CPSC Consumer Product Safety Commission

NFPA National Fire Protection Association

NFRC National Fenestration Rating Council

NGA/GANA National Glass Association/Glass Association of North America

UL Underwriters Laboratories